City of Mashhad

About Mashhad City

The City of Mashhad is located in the heart of Khorasan Razavi Province in northeastern Iran. It covers an area of about 475 square kilometers and is Iran’s second most populous city behind Tehran. Surrounded by the Binalud Mountains and the Kashaf Rood River, this area is the homeland of the Iranian people (the original Aryans). Mashhad has four distinct seasons with hot and dry summers and cool winters. Because of the beautiful natural setting and the thousands of mosques that dot the city, Mashhad is a top destination for visitors.

The most prominent site of Mashhad is the Shrine of Imam Reza (AS), which attracts 13 million pilgrims each year including a million from outside the country. For this reason, Mashhad is known as the spiritual capital of Iran.

The city’s history goes back to pre-Islamic times. The name “Mashhad” was given to the city by Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi which literally means Place of Martyrdom.

The Mashhad dialect of Persian is called “Mashhadi”, which is somewhat close to the Dari Persian spoken in Afghanistan.

Mashhad is the hometown of many important literary figures including Ferdowsi (author of Shahnameh), Mohammad Taqi Bahar a/k/a Maleko Shoara Bahar, Mehdi Akhavan Sales, Emad Khorasani and so on.

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Zafaranieh Plaza | مجتمع تجاری زعفرانيه
Zafaranieh Plaza | مجتمع تجاری زعفرانيه

Kish Commercial Center
Kish Commercial Center

Photos by UntoldIran's members