Kish Island

About Kish Island

One of the Persian Gulf islands and part of Kish district, in Bandar Lengeh County, in Hormozgan province of Iran, Kish Island is one of the scenic places in Hormozgan province in southern Iran.

Since the Achaemenid and then Parthian and Sasanian eras, Kish Island had been under Persian control. Later, with the spread of Islam, the Umayyad dynasty dominated the island. From 1533 to 1652, the Portuguese had control over the island. Finally in (1652), Emam-Gholi Khan, generalissimo of Shah Abbas, managed to conquer all the islands of the Persian Gulf, including Bahrain. And from then on, Kish is considered to be one of the Iranian islands of the Persian Gulf.

Kish Island is a nearly elliptical shape with a perimeter of 44 km and a length of about 15.45 km and a width close to 7.5 km, has an area of 90 square kilometers. The island's most elevated area is about 35 km from the sea level. The island has no permanent rivers and it holds a large number of underground fresh water resources.

The distance from Kish to Bandar Abbas is 250 km by sea. Also, Bandar-e Chark as Iran’s nearest port of Kish Island is 18 km off from the island. Kish’s climate is hot and humid and the mean annual temperature of the island is 6/26 °C. The island weather is determined by numerous north-west and south air masses and the climate is generally dry with little rain. Rainfall mostly falls in the form of showers and happens in the wintertime months.

The island’s vegetation includes date palm orchards, native Iranian mesquite trees and ziziphus, as well as non-native trees such as Pakistani mesquite (Samar), eucalyptus, acacia, conocarpus, and silk. In recent years, the island has been a center for famous vineyards. Also, since the presence of the Portuguese on the island, the island is one of the growth centers of the rare species of Tree Lore.

Thawb with skullcap include costumes worn by men, and also, Eid al-Adha and Eid al-Ghadeer are considered to be the island most popular holidays. The local primary instrument is a type of drum. Traditional local jobs consist in fishing, animal husbandry, navigation and commerce. People on the island were also involved with pearling in the past. The local cuisine includes a variety of dishes such as "Qaliyeh", "Mazroobeh", “Hariseh" and "Machboos" which are often prepared with fish. The natives of the island come from Dravidian, Nordic, African and Semitic races, and speak in Persian and Arabic. In 1970, a delegation of Iranian and American advisors visited the island, and given the natural features, beautiful coral beaches, as well as crystal clear waters around, the island was selected as an international tourist center. Kish Island, in 1982, was elected as the country's first free economic zone. Today, the island's economy is based on tourism and trade.

The existence of unique natural and tourist attractions besides the beaches of Persian Gulf has caused a lot of tourists from inside the country and abroad to travel to the region annually, and experience memorable and joyful moments in this island. And also due to its being close to the neighboring countries such as Dubai, Kuwait, Oman, Bahrain, and Qatar, every year a large number of tourists travel to this island to renew their visas.

Foreign nationals do not need prior obtaining of visas in order to enter directly to Kish Free Zone. The Disciplinary Force agents at the airport and harbors of Kish stamp the residence permit for fourteen days on their valid travel documents.

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Zafaranieh Plaza | مجتمع تجاری زعفرانيه
Zafaranieh Plaza | مجتمع تجاری زعفرانيه

Kish Commercial Center
Kish Commercial Center

Photos by UntoldIran's members